Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
If the problem is a low sperm count or blocked fallopian tubes, or other treatments have failed, hi-tech procedures such as
in vitro fertilization or IVF, intracytoplasmic sperm injection or ICSI, and, in rare cases, gamete intrafallopian transfer or GIFT, or zygote intrafallopian transfer or ZIFT can help conception. Occasionally, age or ovary function may demand the use of an egg donor.